Universal Industrial Plants Manufacturing Co
CERTIFIED ISO 9001:2000 COMPANY
Air Seperation Plant Manufacturing Company
COMPANY INFO PRODUCTION FACILITY QUALITY & CERTIFICATES RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT TURN KEY PROJECTS
natural gas plant
Oxygen PlantOXYGEN PLANT
Oxygen PlantNITROGEN PLANT

Oxygen Plant CRYOGENIC TANKS

Oxygen Plant ACETYLENE PLANTS

Oxygen Plant LIQUID OXYGEN PUMPS

Oxygen Plant NITROUS OXIDE PLANT

Oxygen Plant CRYOGENIC LIQUID PLANT

Oxygen Plant ALLIED EQUIPMENT

Oxygen Plant Oxygen Nitrogen
Cylinder Filling Plants

Oxygen Plant Liquid Oxygen-Nitrogen
Plants

Oxygen Plant Gas Pipeline Supply
Oxygen-Nitrogen -Argon
Plants

Oxygen Plant Pure Nitrogen Plant





Company Video

Normal Running of an Oxygen Plant

In case of operation of any Oxygen Plant, it is better not to disturb operation much. Normal operation of Plant is best known by experience in individual Plants. However, the following are guidelines:

Air Compressor Inlet stage separator drains and moisture separator drains are to be opened and closed, 30 minutes, to let out condensed moisture. All reading should be noted in a prescribed Log Sheet. A format of the same is enclosed with the manual. Molecular Sieve Drier Heating and cooling cycles are to be taken care (Refer M.S. Drier Chapter).

The rare gas vent valve R-22 should be kept slightly open to allow non-condensed rare gases to escape from Lower Column. It is better to be bubbled through water kept in a bottle or through a small rot miter.

After starting the Plant, the air pressure to be brought down slowly to about 40 Kgs./cm2 , by further opening V3 or by bringing up the Inlet cam position of Expansion Engine to 3 or 2, from 1. This will increase production slightly. However, the upper column level L-2 and purities should be maintained. The Plant can be maintained steadily if the Upper Column liquid level, column pressure, air pressure are maintained properly. Every half an hour products Oxygen Purity should be checked by drawing sample gas from R-27 & R-28.

S.NO NAME DESCRIPTION
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
T1
T2
T3
T4
T5
T6
T7
T8
ENGINE INLET
ENGINE OUTLET
BEFORE V3
WN2 AFTER P.L SUB COOLER
L O BEFORE V8
WM2 AFTER LIQUID FAIR
N2 AFTER TOP COLUMN
R.L BEFORE V4


If any hydrocarbon (particularly Acetylene) is present, in the atmospheric air, or is found due to excessive heating of the Air Compressor oil, the Acetylene will settle as solid crystal, in the condenser liquid. Acetylene crystals in liquid oxygen can explode spontaneously, casing serious accidents. Therefore, once in 8 hours, Liquid Oxygen and liquid air should be drained a little in order to avoid accumulation of Acetylene. Excess presence of Acetylene in liquid oxygen can cause explosion. In 5 -liters of liquid oxygen, presence of more the 5 milligrams of Acetylene (C2H2) or 200 mgs. Of other Hydrocarbons are hazardous. Analysis for presence of Acetylene in explained separately, and analysis should be done in each shift.

If Acetylene is found to be present, the liquid is to be drained to reduce contamination. If Acetylene still persists in the liquid oxygen, the plant must be stopped immediately. All liquid should be drained and the Plant should be defrosted.

The standard operating conditions are the following, but they differ from Plant to Plant.

P-1
P-2
P-3
P-9
P-4
P-13
P-14
V3
V4
V5
40-45 KGS./ 5/6
KGS./ CM2
0.5/0.7 KGS./ CM2
75-165 KGS./ CM2
42-47 KGS./ CM2
1.5 KGS./ CM2
0.2 KGS./ CM2
VALVE
VALVE
VALVE
T-1
T-2
T-3
T-10
T-7
T-8
-
4/17
1 + 10/17
10/17
100 Deg. C. TO - 115 Deg. C (Inlet to Expansion Engine.)
-150/ -165 Deg. C. (Outlet to Expansion Engine)
-155/165 Deg. C. (Before V3)
+15 Deg. C. (Air Inlet)
-190 Deg. C. (Nitrogen from Top Column)
-170 (R1 before V4)
EXPANSION ENGINE INLET CAM - 1 TO 3


If the liquid levels drop and if the OXYGEN PLANT is getting warmed up, throttle V3 valve and bring down Expansion Engine Cam position to increase cold production. When the cam position is brought down from upper number to lower number, the air inlet pressure will go up and outlet pressure will come down. The air through Expansion Engine will go up. Similarly, if inlet cam number is brought up to higher number, air inlet pressure will come down and outlet pressure will go up. Air throughout will go up but temperature drop across Expansion Engine will be less.

Cylinder filling should be checked. There should not be any gas leaks. Avoid using only waste or oil in the filling procedure.

Water level should be maintained at half in evaporation cooler.





Air Separation Plants
Oxygen Plant | Nitrogen Plant | Cryogenic Tanks | Acetylene Plants | Liquid Oxygen Pumps | Nitrous Oxide Plants
Cryogenic Liquid Plants | Oxygen Plants Buyers Guide | Oxygen Nitrogen Cylinder Filling Plants
Liquid Oxygen-Nitrogen Plants (Low Pressure) | Gas Pipeline Supply Oxygen-Nitrogen -Argon Plants | Pure Nitrogen Plant

Allied Equipments
Gas Compressors | Stainless Steel Fabricators | Heat Exchanger | Distillation Columns | Reactors | Pressure Vessels | Tanks | Skids & Structures | Electric Panels | Expansion Engines | Gas Dryers | Cooling Towers | Chilling Units | Stainless Steel Pressed Components | Process Plant & Equipment


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Universal Industrial Plants Manufacturing Co.(P) Ltd.
Mr. Sanjiv Agrawal
A-104/2, Okhla Industrial Area, Phase - II
New Delhi - 110 020, Delhi, India

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